Cub Cadet Hydrostatic Transmission Won't Move? (Do This!)
You hop on your Cub Cadet riding mower, start the engine with no problem, put the lever into forward, and release the clutch. Nothing. No movement. The engine sits idling happily and you are going now where. What is the problem when a Cub Cadet hydrostatic transmission won’t move?
A Cub Cadet riding lawnmower runs fine in most instances, but the hydrostatic transmission won’t move is suffering from a stuck or open bypass valve in the transmission. A bypass valve stuck in the open position can happen accidentally. Working the bypass lever from open to close several times may remedy the situation.
Understanding how the hydrostatic transmission on your Cub Cadet mower works is important to using the transmission without problems. These hydraulically operated transmissions are not foolproof and do require regular maintenance.
How to “Move” a Stuck Cub Cadet Hydrostatic Transmission
Restoring your Cub Cadet mower to operating status is usually a matter of a few simple steps.
Step 1: Work Safely
Be sure all the safeties on your mower are engaged and operational. The safeties include the parking brake, the PTO, and the seat switch. Set the parking brake on before working on your Cub Cadet Mower.
Disengage the PTO to make sure the blades or other accessories are not operating. Sit down to engage the seat disconnect switch. This switch prevents the mower from running if you are not on the seat. Move the shift lever to the neutral position.
Step 2: Start the Engine
Crank the engine on your Cub Cadet mower and let it warm up a bit. A running engine is necessary to engage the pump on the hydrostatic transmission. Unless the engine is running, no hydraulic fluid circulates through the transmission.
Step 3: Try the Transmission – Shift to Forward
Depress the clutch and move the shift lever to the forward position. Gently release the clutch. Your Cub Cadet tractor should try to move against the parking brake if the transmission is operating properly. If the mower transmission doesn’t engage, move the shift lever back to the neutral position and release the clutch.
Step 4: Engage and Disengage the Transmission Bypass
Your Cub Cadet hydrostatic transmission has a transmission bypass. If you need to move the mower by pushing, opening the bypass allows the hydraulic fluid to move inside the transmission as you push the mower. You may have neglected to close the bypass, or it may have stuck in the open position.
Move the bypass lever from the engaged to the disengaged position several times. Leave the bypass level in the engaged position and return to steps 1 – 3 to check your Cub Cadet mower’s operation.
When the Hydrostatic Transmission Engages but the Mower Doesn’t Move
Several other issues can cause your Cub Cadet lawnmower to refuse to move even if the hydrostatic transmission is working. You can check for problems in these areas using the following list.
Step 1. Check the Driveline
The driveline connects the Cub Cadet hydrostatic transmission to the differential on the back axle. With the engine off and the parking brake set, check the universal joints on either end of the drive shaft.
Some smaller Cub Cadet riding mowers use a drive belt on the hydrostatic transmission to drive the rear wheels. Make sure that the drive belt is not broken or hasn’t slipped off the pulleys.
Step 2. Be Sure the Parking Brake is Releasing
If the parking brake doesn’t release, your Cub Cadet riding mower won’t move. Make sure that the parking brake releases completely when the lever is disengaged. Work the parking brake lever through the range of movement several times and then try your Cub Cadet lawnmower again to see if it will move.
Step 3. Check the Pedals and Levers for Obstructions
Check the pedals, levers, and linkages on your Cub Cadet mower for obstructions or other damage. Linkages can get bent and not operate through the full range of motion. Debris can build up behind or under the pedals or linkages and prevent them from working.
Step 4. (If needed) – Contact a Professional
If you try these remedies and your Cub Cadet hydrostatic transmission still doesn’t engage, it is probably time for a trip to the service shop. There are no parts or assemblies involved in the hydrostatic transmission that are user-serviceable.
How Does a Cub Cadet Hydrostatic Transmission Work?
A hydrostatic transmission is nothing more than a hydraulic pump connected to a hydraulic motor. The engine on your Cub Cadet mower turns the hydraulic pump. The hydraulic pump forces the hydraulic fluid under pressure to the hydraulic motor.
The hydraulic fluid’s force or pressure causes the hydraulic motor to turn, which operated whatever is attached to the motor. In the case of your Cub Cadet, that is the rear wheels.
The system is, of course, much more complicated than this simple description. There are check valves, bypass valves, and operating valves that control the hydraulic motor’s speed, force, and direction. Some of these valves protect the system from overpressure or under pressure.
What Kind of Maintenance Do I Need to do to My Cub Cadet Transmission?
None. The hydrostatic transmission on your Cub Cadet mower is a sealed unit. There are no Cub Cadet mower user maintenance requirements for the hydrostatic transmissions. According to the manufacturer’s directions and limitations, the hydrostatic transmission should not need routine service.
Best Practices for Using your Cub Cadet Riding Lawnmower
Getting the most from your Cub Cadet riding lawnmower and ensuring a long life is a matter of how you use your mower and how you maintain the equipment. Some best practices will help you get the best performance from your Cub Cadet Lawnmower.
Keep your Mower Clean and Properly Maintained
You Cub Cadet lawnmower works in a harsh environment filled with debris and dust. Keeping your mower clean and free of debris will lengthen its life and ensure it operated a peak efficiency. Clean the mower deck after each use and check the drive belts and pulleys.
Keep the engine and transmission free of oil and dirt build-up. Allowing dust, dirt, and oil to build-up on the engine and transmission causes both to work harder and hotter. Higher operating temperatures will shorten the life of the engine and the transmission.
Follow the Cub Cadet recommended maintenance schedule. You can find this schedule in the user’s manual that came with your Cub Cadet mower. The scheduled maintenance in the user’s manual will keep your mower operating for many years without problems.
Operate your Mower Within its Limits
Each model of Cub Cadet lawnmower has specific limits of operation. You should avoid operating your mower past these limits. Staying within limits is for the good of the mower and your safety.
The amount of slope on which you operate the mower is important for the mower and your safety. The height of the vegetation you cut in one swath can affect the performance of the mower significantly. The user manual that came with your mower will give you more information on the limits of your Cub Cadet lawnmower and how best to operate within those limits.
Use the Transmission Properly
By and large, the hydrostatic transmissions on Cub Cadet lawnmowers are tough and robust equipment. However, you must use the transmission properly to ensure maximum service life.
Always bring your Cub Cadet lawnmower to a complete stop before shifting from forward to reverse or vice versa. Shifting the transmission while the lawnmower is still moving puts undue stress on the gears, the differential, and the linkages.
Use the clutch carefully. The clutch should be disengaged and engaged slowly and easily. Popping the clutch or stomping on the clutch can damage the linkages or cause the clutch assembly’s failure.
Use the Transmission Bypass when Pushing the Mower
If you must manually push your mower, be sure to disengage the transmission by opening the transmission bypass valve. On most Cub Cadet mowers, the transmission bypass is controlled by a level on or near the transmission.
Opening the bypass valve allows the transmission fluid to move freely. Free-flowing hydraulic fluid allows the wheels to turn without having to turn the pump. Opening the bypass valve avoids damage to the hydraulic pump and the differential.
When you have the mower where it needs to be, be sure to close the bypass valve. Failing to close the bypass valve will keep your Cub Cadet mower from operating the next time you get ready to mow.
Read the Manual
Ensure that you get the best performance from your Cub Cadet riding lawnmower by reading the directions in the user’s manual. The user’s manual is included with your Cub Cadet riding lawnmower for a reason. Cub Cadet wants you to have the best experience with your mower. The best way to get the most from your mower is to use it as it was designed.
No Go Equals No Mow
It can be frustrating when your Cub Cadet lawn mower starts but refuses to move. Fortunately, most of the time, this is an easily resolvable situation. We hope that these hints, tips, and instructions will help you get your Cub Cadet mower going again.
Dennis is a retired firefighter with an extensive background in construction, home improvement, and remodeling. He worked in the trades part-time while serving as an active firefighter. On his retirement, he started a remodeling and home repair business, which he ran for several years.
More by Dennis Howard